By

Thomas Armstrong
Kim Peek, who was immortalized by Dustin Hoffman in the Oscar-winning movie "Rain Man" has died of a heart attack at age 58.  Peek, who was originally considered autistic, is now believed to have had FG Syndrome (also known as Opitz-Kaveggia syndrome).  He is perhaps the most famous example of a "savant," that is, an...
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Researchers have discovered a link between the dopamine D4 receptor 7R allele gene (which has been linked to novelty seeking), and a group of adolescent boys with ADHD.  There is an element of semantics in this, because the D4 gene has also been called the “risk-taking” or “thrill-seeking” gene.  In any case, this gene has been associated...
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What do Richard Branson, Charles Schwab, and John Chambers, CEO of Cisco Systems Inc., all have in common?  Answer:  they're all dyslexic.  They represent three famous examples of what is becoming increasingly more common in the business world: the presence of entrepreneurs who also happen to be dyslexic.  Research carried out  by Julie Logan, a professor of entrepreneurship at...
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Intelligence tests have often been used to differentiate "high functioning" from "low functioning" individuals with autism.  But a recent study published in the journal Psychological Science suggests that "low functioning" children with autism may in fact score much higher if an alternative intelligence test–the Raven's Progressive Matrices– is used instead of the more conventional Wechsler Intelligence...
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