Color wheel showing the eight intelligencesOne of the neatest features of Howard Gardner’s theory of multiple intelligences is that it helps us understand ourselves better.  Since the theory is based on nouns (words, numbers, pictures, music, people, nature) rather than on verbs (e.g. judging, perceiving, seeing, hearing, achieving, investigating), it can be related to our personal lives more easily and clearly than other self-help assessments such as the Myers-Briggs or the Enneagram.  The following is a simple assessment that I’ve put together based on my over thirty years working with the theory.  It is important to state right from the start that this is not a test.  It will not tell you ‘’who you are.’’ If you’re an educator or counselor, it should not be used in any way as a diagnostic instrument, a screening tool, or ‘’test’’ as part of any formal research study.  It is what I would call a ‘’rough-and-ready’’ tool to get you thinking about the eight intelligences in Gardner’s model, and how those eight intelligences intersect in meaningful ways with your personal and professional life.  The instructions are simple: check any item that applies, and then see me on the other side of the assessment for some words on how to interpret the results.

Word Smart

__ I hear words in my mind as I go about my daily life

__ I am an avid reader

__ Writing comes very easily to me

__ I enjoy doing word puzzles (e.g. crossword puzzles) and/or playing word games (e.g. Scrabble)

__ I have a pretty good vocabulary

__ I am comfortable speaking to a group of people

__ I like listening to books on tape and/or to talk shows or news broadcasts on the radio

__ I like to have fun playing around with language through jokes, puns, tongue twisters etc.

__ I’m interesting in knowing the meanings of new words and/or finding out about the origins of words.

__ I like memorizing and reciting poetry or other textual material.

Number/Logic Smart

__ I can calculate arithmetic in my head fairly easily

__ I enjoy and/or get a lot of information from statistics in the news

__ I think I have a basically logical or scientific way of looking at things

__ I enjoy playing logic games (like chess) or working with logical puzzles (like Rubic’s Cube)

__ I have no trouble at all balancing my checkbook

__ I did well in math and/or science class

__ I think I’d do well working as an accountant, data analyst, or computer programmer

__ I often see logical patterns in people’s behaviors

__ I feel more at ease with solutions to life’s problems if they are arrived at through the use of hard data

__ I believe that the truth of things can best be achieved through the use of reason.

Picture Smart

__ I enjoyed and/or did well in art class at school

__ I find myself doodling if I get bored at a meeting or a class

__ I can visualize pretty clearly when I close my eyes

__ I can find my way driving in an unfamiliar area without the use of GPS

__ I have a hobby that involves painting, sculpture, design, photography or some other visual art

__ I did better in geometry class than in algebra at school

__ I tend to make pictures in my head to help solve personal and/or professional problems

__ People have said that I draw pretty good

__ I’m very sensitive to color and/or other visual features of whatever new environment I find myself in

__ I’ve got a very good visual memory

Body Smart

­­__ I enjoy participating in group or individual sports

__ I tend to express myself a lot using gestures and other body language to communicate

__ I work well with my hands in things like woodworking, sewing, and/or other handicrafts

__ I often have visceral responses or ‘’gut feelings’’ to things that happen to me in my life

__ I like to dance or move my body around in other creative ways such as jogging or doing gymnastics

__ I think being physically fit is an important part of daily living

__ I have excellent flexibility in my body for my age

__ I enjoy practicing yoga, Pilates, Zumba, tai chi or some other mind-body practice

__ I have excellent manual dexterity when it comes to fixing things

__ I enjoyed being in theater at school and/or have a dramatic way of presenting myself to others

Music Smart

__ I often hear music playing in my head during the day

__ I play one or more musical instruments

__ I enjoy listening to music on CDs, streaming, or other media

__ I have strong feelings (likes and/or dislikes) about music that I listen to

__ I have a good sense of rhythm

__ I have enjoyed being part of a chorus, orchestra, or other musical group

__ I like hearing rhythms, tones, and other ‘’music’’ in things around me (e.g. rhythms from a machine)

__ I can play a musical instrument by ear and/or read musical notation fairly well

__ Life would be much poorer if there were no music in it

__ When I listen to music, I can pick out specific instruments, musical patterns, and/or musical motifs

People Smart

__ I tend to enjoy being around people

__ I have taken on leadership roles in my life and felt comfortable doing so

__ I’m good at picking up on what another person is thinking, feeling, and/or intending

__ I feel a deep sense of empathy for those who are undergoing suffering

__ I’ve been involved in charitable, philanthropic, or service organizations that help others

__ I can interpret social cues pretty well

__ I work well in group situations at home and/or work

__ I’m good at listening to others

__ I’d rather be at a party than home alone working on a hobby

__ I was very popular in school

Self Smart

__ I have a pretty good sense of what I’m feeling at any given moment in time

__ I am good at setting goals and monitoring them over time

__ I’m a self-directed learner than doesn’t like to be told what to do

__ I have strong opinions about controversial issues

__ I have a pretty good sense of my strengths and weaknesses

__ I’m resilient when it comes to facing life challenges, obstacles, and/or setbacks

__ I’ve got one or more hobbies that I like to engage in on my own

__ I have an overall sense of where I’m heading in life and where I’ll be five years from now

__ I enjoy reading self-help books and/or being involved in personal growth activities

__ I pay attention to my inner life through dreams, intuitions, and/or inspirations

Nature Smart

__ I’m good at identifying the names of trees, plants, shrubs, flowers and other flora

__ I have a knack for relating to pets and other animals

__ I feel a sense of commitment toward saving the planet from ecological damage

__ I enjoy watching nature-related topics on TV, in movies, and/or through online videos

__ I like to read books and/or magazines that have nature as a key feature

__ I have a green thumb when it comes to gardening and/or landscaping

__ I like to go out in nature and investigate the living things that are found there

__ I particularly enjoyed classes in school that dealt with nature in some way (e.g. biology etc.)

__ I have been part of one or more clubs or organizations that focused on some aspect of nature

__ I need to have some kind of nature around me when I am working

Interpreting the Results

Let me reiterate that this is not a test and quantitative analysis (e.g. the number of checks for each intelligence) has no part in the use of this assessment.  Having said that, you certainly can look at trends.  If you checked all the items for Word Smart and none of the items for Number/Logic Smart, that tells you something about what Gardner called ‘’proclivities’’ (tendencies) toward Word Smart more than Number/Logic Smart.

However, even in that situation we must  be careful.  You might not have checked any items for an intelligence because of the way I worded the items (I haven’t set this assessment up for reliability and validity analysis), or because of the way you decided to interpret the  items.  Also, if you didn’t check any items for an intelligence, it doesn’t mean that you have no intelligence in that area.  Gardner points out that we possess all eight intelligences, but in different ways.

I once had a teacher take an assessment similar to this one and he came to me rather distressed.  I asked him what the problem was and he said ‘’I didn’t check any of the items for Number/Logic Smart.’’ I told him what I’ve told you, that this isn’t a test.  ‘’But I’m a math teacher,’’ he replied.  As we talked, though, it became apparent that he was an excellent math teacher, especially for those students who struggled in math, because he had struggled in math.

There’s also another element at work here.  You might have checked all or most of the items for a given intelligence, let’s say Music Smart, and very few for Picture Smart.  And yet it may be Picture Smart activities that give you the most satisfaction.  You can be good at something and still not like to do it, for various reasons.  And similarly, you can be not so good at an intelligence and be excited about developing it.  That’s another important thing to keep in mind:  you have all the intelligences and can develop them all with the right resources and plenty of effort.  We’re definitely talking about a ‘’growth mindset’’ here, where research has suggested if you think that you’re more or less born with a certain amount of intelligence (a ‘’fixed mindset’’) you won’t achieve as much as if you have a belief that you can develop it if you work hard (‘’growth mindset’’).

Having said all this, you still can use the results of this assessment to make your own personal assessment of which intelligences are currently most developed in you and which are less developed (I hasten to add that you keep away from words like ‘’strengths’’ and ‘’weaknesses’’ because they reinforce a fixed mindset).  This personal evaluation may tell you why you’ve always liked to paint but hated the piano lessons your parents made you take (another excellent approach for assessing the intelligences and how they developed or failed to develop is to relate them to your childhood experiences).

The results of this assessment may also give you clues as to the best vocation or career for you.  If you checked most of the items for Body Smart and few for Word Smart, then you probably want to stay away from jobs that have you sitting at a desk from 9 to 5 pushing a pencil around, and instead look for careers that have you moving around, like a photographer, firefighter, or emergency room physician.

All in all, I encourage readers to use the information gleaned from this assessment in a flexible way – one that opens up doorways instead of closing them down (one child came from a classroom where they were introduced to the eight intelligences and her mother asked her what she learned; and she replied: ‘’that I’m not Word Smart.’’).  The best approach to take when interpreting this assessment is to determine not what you’re ‘’at risk’’ for, but what you’re ‘’at promise’’ to become.

To find out more about multiple intelligences, check out the following resources:

For general overview and self-help strategies (high school, college, and adult learners):   7 Kinds of Smart: Identifying and Developing Your Multiple Intelligences. New York: Plume, 1999.

For K-12 educators:  Multiple Intelligences in the Classroom 4th ed. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development, 2018.

For K-12 educators (with a focus on literacy):  The Multiple Intelligences of Reading and Writing:  Making the Words Come Alive.  Alexandria, VA:  Association of Supervision and Curriculum Development, 2003.

For parents:  In Their Own Way: Discovering and Encouraging Your Child’s Multiple Intelligences, New York: Tarcher/Perigee, 2000.

For kids (ages 5-9):  Smarts!  Everybody’s Got Them.  Minneapolis, MN:  Free Spirit, 2019.

For kids (ages 10-14):  You’re Smarter Than You Think:  A Kid’s Guide to Multiple Intelligences.  Minneapolis, MN:  Free Spirit, 2014.

 

This page brought to you by Thomas Armstrong, Ph.D. and  www.institute4learning.com

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I am the author of 16 books including my latest: The Myth of the ADHD Child: 101 Ways to Improve Your Child's Behavior and Attention Span Without Drugs, Labels, or Coercion (Tarcher-Perigee). http://amzn.to/2ewwfbp.
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